The fortress also served occasionally as a prison, and it was here that Stephan Ludwig Roth, the 1848 hero of the Transylvanian Saxons, was held, accused of high treason and executed at the northern gate on May 11, 1849. Its tower practically crumbled 15 years later, thus destroying the whole frontispiece. Romania Tourism.com/Bistrita (Muntii Apuseni & Ghetarul Scarisoara)Where: 45 miles southwest of Cluj Napoca Access: car Cluj makes a great base for exploring the stunning Apuseni mountain range, located southwest of the city.
Restoration work began in 1783 and the church was rebuilt in baroque style. The Apuseni Nature Park protects one of the most interesting cave systems in the country.
The most recent section is the tower, erected in neo-gothic style in 1860.
The star-shaped vault, the stained-glass windows and the sculptures impress with their beauty and grandeur.
With one of the most vibrant economies in the country and a population of around 330,000, Cluj, is today a vibrant cultural and educational city.
The six state and several private universities located here also make Cluj Napoca the city with the largest percentage of student population in Romania.
The name Cluj comes from means "closed" in Latin and refers to the hills that surround the city.
The city quickly advanced socially and economically and during Marcus Aurelius' reign Napoca received the title "colonia", the highest possible urban status in the Roman Empire.In the southwest corner of the square stands Hotel Continental, built in 1895 in an eclectic style combining Renaissance, classical and baroque elements.During World War II, the hotel served as the German military headquarters in Transylvania.The main square, resplendent with 18th and 19th century buildings and home to many shops and restaurants, is dominated by the 15th century St.Michael's Church, one of the finest examples of gothic architecture in Romania.A statue of Saint Archangel Michael is centered above the main entrance, flanked on the left by John the Baptist, Saint Sebastian and Saint Charles Borromei, and on the right by Saint John the Evangelist, Saint Rocus and Saint John Nepomuc. Mary is a beautiful and valuable baroque work of art by sculptor Schenbauer Antal, who created it for the consul, Kornis Antal, in 1744.