Among them was Charles Bulfinch (1763-1844) who is credited with bringing the Federal style to United States after his own European tour.Asher Benjamin’s (1773-1845) famous pattern books brought Bulfinch’s interpretations of the Adam style to thousands of American carpenters and house wrights.Typical Features: Like the preceding Georgian period, domestic architecture in the Federal style typically came in the form of a simple box, two rooms deep, with doors and windows arranged in strict symmetry.
By the end of the seventeenth century, the upper classes in the colonies began to embrace the European concept of gentility, displaying their elevated taste and station by maintaining codes of dress, speech, and behavior.
This status was also aptly displayed by the orderly symmetry of Georgian architecture, a legacy that survives today.
This was a direct result of the prevalence of local timber.
In addition, New England seventeenth-century homes were typically two stories tall with steeply pitched roofs, essential for shedding heavy snow loads.
Then read additional details and characteristics about each style, listed in chronological order.
Built during the first generation of settlement by English colonists, Post-Medieval English (or First Period) architecture owes much of its appearance to building traditions from Europe.
Increasingly, however, archaeological investigations of the early nineteenth century focused on Greece (as the mother of Rome) and shifted interest to Grecian architectural models.
At the same time, the War of 1812 increased American resentments of British influence.
Federal architecture was a sign of urban prosperity, reflecting the growing wealth of the new nation.