It suffered from damage, desecration, and neglect, and attempts at repair (a significant renovation was conducted by the Franciscans in 1555) often did more damage than good.
In recent times, a fire (1808) and an earthquake (1927) did extensive damage.
In a remarkable gesture for the time, Omar refused to pray in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, saying, "If I had prayed in the church it would have been lost to you, for the Believers [Muslims] would have taken it saying: Omar prayed here." This act of generosity would have unfortunate consequences, however.
They first built a monastery where the Constantinian basilica used to be, having first excavated the Crypt of St. The Constantinian courtyard was covered with a Romanesque church (dedicated in 1149), which was connected to the rotunda by a great arched opening resulting from the demolition of the 11th-century apse. The three primary custodians of the church, first appointed when Crusaders held Jerusalem, are the Greek Orthodox, the Armenian Apostolic and Roman Catholic churches.
In the 19th century, the Coptic Orthodox, the Ethiopian Orthodox and the Syrian Orthodox acquired lesser responsibilities, which include shrines and other structures within and around the building.
An agreement regulates times and places of worship for each Church.
Subsequent centuries were not altogether kind to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
The funds were not adequate to completely repair the original church, however, and a large part of it had to be abandoned.
The atrium and the basilica were completely lost; only the courtyard and the rotunda remained.
The most important supporting evidence is as follows:  Based on the above factors, the concludes: The Israeli scholar Dan Bahat, former City Archaeologist of Jerusalem, has said this of the church: The early Christian community of Jerusalem appears to have held liturgical celebrations at Christ's tomb from the time of the resurrection until the city was taken by the Romans in 66 AD.
Less than a century later, in 135 AD, Emperor Hadrian filled in the quarry to provide a level foundation for a temple to Aphrodite.
This building was severely damaged by fire in 614 AD when the Persians invaded Jerusalem.
They also captured the True Cross, but in 630, Emperor Heraclius marched triumphantly into Jerusalem and restored the True Cross to the rebuilt Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
To discern the one belonging to Christ, a sick man was brought to touch to each one, and he was miraculously healed by one of them.